Sterilization & Castration
Sterilization or castration?
We always talk about sterilizing a cat or dog, but that is not really what we do. We castrate them. Sterilization literally means ‘to make an animal sterile’. We could ligature the ovaries or vessels without removing the source of the hormones (ovaries or testiness). In veterinarian medicine the reason why we castrate is <em>the consequence</em> of these hormones. This is why we remove the ovaries or testiness totally, and <em>castrate</em> males or females.
Castrating a female dog has both advantages and disadvantages.
A great advantage is the decreasing risk for mammary tumors. When the dog is castrated just before or after her first heat, the chance of getting this is almost zero. The risk of getting an uterus infection can be forgotten after castration, and also the development of diabetes is slim.
Unfortunately there are also disadvantages. We’ve noticed that 5-20% of the castrated dogs can become incontinent, mostly heavy dogs or large breeds. This is easy to treat with medication.
The next breeds have an extra alert for incontinence after castration: boxer, doberman, mini poodle, old English sheepdog, weimaraner, riesenschnauzer, rottweiler, bouvier and Irish setter.
Other disadvantages which could be prevented is gaining weight, behavior, and sometimes change of the fur structure in long haired dogs.
Every owner must decide for themselves if they want their dog to be castrated or not. We can give you a lot of information. If you decide to have your female dog castrated we advise to do this 3 months after her first heat.
Your dog can be sterilized conservative or laparoscopic. For more information please contact one of our employees.
If you don’t want to breed with your cat, our advice is to have her sterilized between an age of 4-6 months. This is earlier than it used to be, but investigations have shown that cats of this age recover quicker and don’t have much trouble from the procedure. When this early castration is done, the risk of getting mammary tumors is significantly lower. These tumors are almost always malign. There are no disadvantages about this procedure.
A healthy happy male dog doesn’t have to be castrated. Reasons to choose castration can be behavioral (dominant, hypersexual or running away) or with a medical indication, for instance forskin inflammation or certain tumors.
Of you are thinking about castration, please come in and we will help you. When there are behavioral problems (for example aggression or anxiety), our behavioral therapist, will help you.
It is almost impossible to keep a non-castrated cat at home, because they have the urge to mark everything in their territory with urine. Also they can show behavior we (as humans) despite. If they do go outside, non-castrated cats fight a lot more, with all consequences. Our advice is to have them castrated. You can do this when they have reached an age of 6 months. If your cat is already urinating in your home and still young, please don’t wait too long to make an appointment immediately, otherwise this behavior can become a habit and it is very difficult to correct this.
You can come bring your male cat in to our clinic every day (not on Saturday or Sunday) between 08:30h and 11:00h without making an appointment. They are not allowed to have breakfast the day of their surgery.